IN VITRO BIOACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OF COMPOSITE MEMBRANE CONTAINING ANTIMICROBIAL LAURIC ACID FOR GUIDED BONE REGENERATION IN DENTAL APPLICATION
Muhammad Jabir S*, Jamuna TK and Siti Noorzidah S
AbstractIN VITRO BIOACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OF COMPOSITE MEMBRANE CONTAINING ANTIMICROBIAL LAURIC ACID FOR GUIDED BONE REGENERATION IN DENTAL APPLICATION Muhammad Jabir S*, Jamuna TK and Siti Noorzidah S
Biomedical Materials Section, Advanced Materials Research Centre (AMREC), SIRIM Berhad, Lot 34, Jalan Hi-Tech 2/3, Kulim Hi-Tech Park, 09000 Kulim, Kedah, MALAYSIA.
The manuscript reflect research work in fabrication of a triple layered composite membrane and to perform an in vitro bioactivity evaluation on composite membrane containing antimicrobial lauric acid. Poly(lactic-co- glycolic acid) (PLGA) matrix was incorporated with various amounts of nanoapatite (NAp) and lauric acid (LA) to form a triple-layered composite membrane. This membrane was prepared using a single step fabrication technique comprising of solvent casting, thermally induced phase separation and solvent leaching processes. Apatite mineralization was detected on the composite membranes within 30 days of exposure to simulated body fluid (SBF) and showed increased apatite formation at 30-60wt% of NAp content in the PLGA matrix on layer 3 (L3), that has the highest amount of NAp compared with layer 1 (L1) and layer 2 (L2) of the membrane. However, apatite mineralization was not detected on pure PLGA membrane. In addition, incorporation of LA on L1 and L2 has no influence on apatite mineral formation as none detected on these surfaces. The presence of NAp determines the formation of apatite crystals on the composite membrane. These membranes with triple layered design and bioactive properties showed potential use for guided bone regeneration purposes in dental application.
Keywords: composite membrane, In Vitro, bioactivity, nanoapatite