SURFACE PROPERTIES, CRYSTALLINITY AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ANODISED TITANIUM IN MIXTURE OF β-GLYCEROPHOSPHATE (β-GP) AND CALCIUM ACETATE (CA)
Lee TC*, Abdullah HZ and Idris MI
AbstractSURFACE PROPERTIES, CRYSTALLINITY AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ANODISED TITANIUM IN MIXTURE OF β-GLYCEROPHOSPHATE (β-GP) AND CALCIUM ACETATE (CA) Lee TC*, Abdullah HZ and Idris MI
Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia(UTHM), 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia.
Anodic oxidation is an electrochemical method for the production of ceramic films on a metallic substrate. It had been widely used to deposit the ceramic coatings on the metals surface. This method has been widely used in surface modification of biomaterials especially for dental implants. In this study, the surface morphology, crystallinity and optical properties of titanium foil was modified by anodising in mixture of β-glycerophosphate disodium salt pentahydrate (β-GP) and calcium acetate monohydrate (CA). The experiments were carried out at high voltage (350 V), different anodising time (5 and 10 minutes) and current density (10-70 mA.cm-2) at room temperature. Anodised titanium was characterised by using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and UV-Vis spectrometry. The result of the experiment showed that surface morphology, crystallinity and optical properties depended strongly on the current density and anodising time. More porous surface and large amount of anatase and rutile was produced at higher current density and longer anodising time. Apart from that, it also revealed that the energy band gap of anodised titanium increases as the increasing of current density due to the presence of anatase and rutile TiO2.
Keywords: anodic oxidation, titanium, titanium dioxide, FESEM, band gap