FACILE SYNTHESIS OF CHLORIDE-LESS ZIRCONIUM-BASED METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK (MOF) AS CHROMIUM (VI) REMOVAL VIA PHOTOREDUCTION

  • Anis Muneerah Shaiful Bahari Nanoarchitectonic Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor
  • Nisaa Husnina Zulkifli Nanoarchitectonic Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Azieyanti Nurain Azmin Nanoarchitectonic Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nurhaswani Alias School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, 14300 Penang, Malaysia
  • Siti Azlina Rosli School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, 14300 Penang, Malaysia
  • Nurliyana Abu Hasan Sazalli School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, 14300 Penang, Malaysia
  • Zainovia Lockman School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, 14300 Penang, Malaysia
  • Nowshad Amin Institute of Sustainable Energy, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Halina Misran Nanoarchitectonic Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
Keywords: UiO-66, Chloride-less, facile, photoreduction, Cr(VI)

Abstract

Zirconia based metal-organic framework (Zr-MOF) is widely known as hydro-stable and thermally stable MOF structures. However, general synthesis method of Zr-MOF usually employed chloride-based materials to enhance overall crystallinity. The use of chloride-based compounds may hinder the scale-up production of Zr-MOF as it generates scheduled liquid waste and is generally corrosive. In this study, UiO-66, a Zr-MOF was successfully synthesized for the first time without using chloride ions (Cl-) at room temperature in an attempt for a “green” and facile synthesis. In this method, metal-organic framework formation at various metal salt (Zr2+)-to-DMF ratio in with or without the presence of Cl- as well as its effect on relative crystallinity of UiO-66 were investigated. Decreasing the Zr2+-to-DMF ratio resulted in increased relative crystallinity (RC) regardless of Cl-. All samples exhibited X-ray diffraction peaks corresponding to (111), (002) and (022) reflection planes suggesting successful UiO-66 formation. Results obtained in this study suggested that UiO-66 with lower RC exhibited highest photoreduction efficiency of Cr (IV) at ca. 54 % in 5 ppm solution with reduction rate of 0.0028 min-1. Higher RC value was suggested to decrease overall active sites for photoreduction reaction to occur resulting in less photoreduction efficiency.

Published
2021-12-20
Section
Original Research Articles