CRYSTALLIZATION-MECHANICAL TECHNIQUE FOR OIL EXTRACTION FROM OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCH FIBRE

  • Kessnia Ng Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • Coswald Stephen @ Mohd Nasri Sipaut Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Keywords: Liquid nitrogen, crystallization time, oil removal, mechanical collector

Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunches fibre (EFB) fibre is a bi-product of palm oil mill. It contains 2 to 7 % of oil residual. The presence of oil residual had reduced the EFB fibre compatibility as filler matrix material. This research investigated the removal of residual oil from EFB fibre using a crystallization-mechanical technique. EFB fibre was crystallized using liquid nitrogen for 1, 3, and 5 minutes and then shaken in a mechanical collector for 5 minutes. All products were characterized and analyzed for oil removal capacity using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Images of EFB fibre samples were obtained using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicated that EFB fibre processed with the crystallization-mechanical technique had an oil content of 1.9890 ± 0.1786%, whereas unprocessed EFB fibre had an oil yield of 2.7126 ± 0.1628%. The dislodged brown powder had an oil yield of 1.3350 ± 0.0585%. FTIR analysis showed that the extracted oil from brown powder had an FTIR spectrum similar to that of crude palm oil. SEM images showed the changes in the EFB fibre’s surface pores over the different crystallization times.

Author Biography

Coswald Stephen @ Mohd Nasri Sipaut, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Penolong Naib Canselor (Jaringan Industri dan Masyarakat) Pusat Jaringan Industri dan Komuniti (Centre for Industry and Community Network) Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Published
2021-12-20
Section
Original Research Articles